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Historic and Unregulated Monthly Streamflow for Selected Sites in the Red River of the North Basin in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota, 1931-99

Water-Resources Investigations Report 02-4095

2002

 

By  Douglas G. Emerson and Valerie M. Dressler

 

Prepared in cooperation with the Bureau of Reclamation

 


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Abstract

Operation of the Garrison Diversion Unit in North Dakota may have various effects on the quantity and quality of streamflow in the Sheyenne River and the Red River of the North. To model the effects that the Garrison Diversion Unit could have on water quality, gaged and estimated historic streamflow data and estimated unregulated streamflow data were compiled to develop a complete monthly streamflow record for January 1931 through September 1999 (the data-development period) for 35 sites in the Red River of the North Basin in North Dakota, Minnesota, and South Dakota.

During the entire data-development period, gaged streamflow data were available for only 4 of the 35 sites, incomplete data of various length were available for 10 sites, and no data were available for 21 sites. Drainage- area ratio and Maintenance of Variance Extension Type 1 methods were used to estimate the historic streamflow for months when no data were available.

Unregulated streamflow for the 35 sites was estimated by eliminating the hydrologic effects of Orwell Reservoir, Lake Traverse, Mud Lake, Lake Ashtabula, and surface-water withdrawals. Modeled flows at the Red River of the North at Wahpeton by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers were used to eliminate the effects of Orwell Reservoir, Lake Traverse, and Mud Lake, and water-balance procedures were used to eliminate the effects of Lake Ashtabula.

 

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Contents

Abstract

Introduction

Purpose and scope

Description of study area

Methods used to estimate streamflow

Gaged and Estimated Historic Streamflow

Otter Tail River above Orwell Reservoir

Otter Tail River at the mouth

Bois de Sioux River above Lake Traverse

Bois de Sioux River at the mouth

Red River of the North at Wahpeton, North Dakota

Wild Rice River (North Dakota) at the mouth

Red River of the North at Fargo, North Dakota

Sheyenne River above Harvey, North Dakota

Sheyenne River near Warwick, North Dakota

Sheyenne River near Cooperstown, North Dakota

Baldhill Creek at the mouth

Sheyenne River below Baldhill Dam, North Dakota

Sheyenne River at Valley City, North Dakota

Sheyenne River at Lisbon, North Dakota

Sheyenne River near Kindred, North Dakota

Sheyenne River at West Fargo, North Dakota

Maple River at the mouth

Rush River at the mouth

Sheyenne River at the mouth

Buffalo River at the mouth

Elm River at the mouth

Wild Rice River (Minnesota) at the mouth

Red River of the North at Halstad, Minnesota

Goose River at the mouth

Marsh River at the mouth

Sand Hill River at the mouth

Red Lake River at the mouth

Red River of the North at Grand Forks, North Dakota

Turtle River at the mouth

Forest River at the mouth

Snake River at the mouth

Park River at the mouth

Red River of the North at Drayton, North Dakota

Pembina River at the mouth

Red River of the North at Emerson, Manitoba

Estimated unregulated streamflow

Selected tributaries to the Red River of the North and the Sheyenne River, downstream from Baldhill Dam

Selected sites on tributaries to the Red River of the North and main-stem stations on the Red River of the North

Bois de Sioux River above Lake Traverse

Bois de Sioux River at the mouth

Red River of the North at Wahpeton, North Dakota

Sheyenne River above Harvey, North Dakota

Baldhill Creek at the mouth

Sheyenne River below Baldhill Dam, North Dakota

Summary

References

 

Supplements:

1. Gaged and estimated historic streamflow for 35 sites in the Red River of the North Basin, 1931-99

2. Gaged and estimated historic streamflow for 18 sites in the Red River of the North Basin, 1931-99

3. Estimated and reported surface-water withdrawals for 26 river reaches or tributaries in the Red River of the North Basin, 1931-99

4. Estimated unregulated streamflow for 35 sites in the Red River of the North Basin, 1931-99

 

FIGURES

 

1. Map showing location of sites at which streamflow data were compiled and/or estimated

2. Bar chart showing methods used to compile and/or estimate historic monthly streamflow

 

TABLES

 

 1. Sites at which streamflow data were compiled and/or estimated

 2. Gaging stations within the Red River of the North Basin

 3. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Red River of the North at Wahpeton, North Dakota, and the base stations

 4. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Wild Rice River near Abercrombie and the base stations

 5. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between Baldhill Creek near Dazey, North Dakota, and the base station

 6. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Maple River near Mapleton, North Dakota, and the base stations

 7. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Rush River at Amenia, North Dakota, and the base stations

 8. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Elm River near Kelso, North Dakota, and the base stations

 9. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Wild Rice River at Hendrum, Minnesota, and the base stations

10. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Red River of the North at Halstad, Minnesota, and the base stations

11. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Marsh River near Shelly, Minnesota, and the base stations

12. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Sand Hill River at Climax, Minnesota, and the base stations

13. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Turtle River at Manvel, North Dakota, and the base stations

14. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Forest River at Minto, North Dakota, and the base stations

15. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Middle River at Argyle, Minnesota, and the base stations

16. Cyclic (monthly) and noncyclic (annual) correlation coefficients between the Red River of the North at Drayton, North Dakota, and the base stations

17. Percentage of mean annual evaporation, by month

18. Estimated evaporation, in inches, from Lake Ashtabula, 1931-99

19. Estimated monthly precipitation, in inches, falling on Lake Ashtabula, 1931-99

 

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